The region is over-dependent on the utilization of oil and coal in terms of its Total Primary Energy Supply (T.P.E.S.). in particular its electricity generation. Contrary to EU average energy consumption patterns that indicate a steady reduction in the use of petroleum and coal/lignite, at the expense of natural gas, nuclear energy and renewables, the Western Balkans are moving in the exact opposite direction. Since 2000 the consumption of petroleum and petroleum products had risen by a margin of 7% in merely 8 years accounting for 35,5% of TPES (Total Primary Energy Supply) in 2007 compared to 28,4% in 2000.
Similarly the utilization of low quality hard coal and lignite that dominate the region