Croatia, Country had total net production of electricity at 14,686 GWh

, SEE Energy News

In 2021, Croatia had total net production of electricity at 14,686 GWh, which is an increase of 14 % compared to 2020.

Exports and imports amounted to 7,505 and 11,342 GWh, respectively, which leads to 18,359 GWh of electricity available for the domestic market. Exports recorded the highest growth with a 28 % increase compared to 2020. It should be noted that the imports also include electricity produced by the nuclear power plant Krsko, which supplies half of its production to Croatia.

In 2021, 48.8 % of the electricity produced in Croatia came from hydropower, 29.6 % from thermal power plants and CHP on fossil fuels, 14 % from wind power, and 6.5 % from thermal power plants and CHP on renewable fuels. Solar power plants and geothermal power plants accounted for only 1 %. Around 70 % of Croatia’s total net production comes from renewable resources.

In 2021, production of natural gas in Croatia amounted to 780 million cubic meters, which is a decrease of 12 % compared to 2020. Imports amounted to 2.24 billion cubic meters with an increase of 4 %, while exports reached 76 million cubic meters. Some 76.5 % of consumed natural gas comes from imports. Thus, Croatia is clearly a natural gas net importer with an export-to-import ratio of 0.03.

In 2021, the production of crude oil in Croatia reached 558 thousand tons, a decrease of 4.6 % compared to 2020. Imports were at 1,767 and exports at 490 thousand tons. Both imports and exports were experiencing a year-on-year decrease with 9.2 % and 22.5 %, respectively. Refinery input in 2021 amounted to 1,849 thousand tons, which were also lower by 5.8 %. Again, as with natural gas, Croatia is a crude oil net importer with an export-to-import ratio of 0.27.

In 2021, 2,461 thousand tons of petroleum products were produced in Croatia, which is a decrease of 4.9 % compared to 2020. Diesel had the biggest share with 45 %, followed by petrol with 24 %.