Solar Photovoltaic Serbia
The average solar radiation in Serbia is about 40% greater than the European average, but still the use of solar energy for electricity generation is far behind the countries of the European Union.
The potential of solar energy is 16,7% of total of useful potential of RES in Serbia. The energy potential of solar radiation is about 30% higher in Serbia than in Central Europe and the intensity of solar radiation is among the largest in Europe. Average daily energy of global radiation for flat surface during winter ranges between 1.1 kWh/m² in the north and 1.7 kWh/m²in the south, and during the summer period between 5.4 kWh/m² in the north and 6.9 kWh/m² in the south . For the purpose of comparison, the average value of global radiation for the territory of Germany is about 1000 kWh/m², while the value for Serbia is 1400 kWh/m². The most favorable areas in Serbia record a large number of sunny hours and the annual ratio of real radiation and total potential is approximately 50% of.
All data clearly show that Serbia has the energy resources of solar radiation well above the European average, with a very favorable seasonal schedule, and that its effective and long-term use is necessary to design in the most recent time period, among other things, to comply with EU measures and plans in relation to renewable energy sources.
Use and development of FN technology in the EU may represent a stimulus, but also a framework within which Serbia could use its climatic resources, research and industrial potential for faster adaptation to European standards and inclusion in development plans and programs. Similar approach should be adopted for other renewable energy sources.
During the 21st century, Serbia will have to implement energy-wise strategy that will include several innovative measures for efficient use of energy, renewable energy capacity boom and use of fossil fuels with the observance of high environmental norms in order to preserve the natural environment and climatic conditions.
Despite the large long-term potential, photovoltaic technology will initially play a supporting role, but its contribution will constantly grow, both in urban and most remote places in Serbia. Installation potential for FN systems by 2012. amount to about 20MW. Plans and strategies for the development of European FN technology should be a signpost to local scientific and political public that should support all activities in research, technological, user and political domain in order to provide faster and more efficient integration into European programs.
On the other hand, because of lack of energy efficiency in Serbia, extremely unfavorable economic situation and unstable price of fossil fuels, also frequent increase in electricity prices, the implementation of FN technology should start as soon as possible, using the creation of appropriate development strategies in accordance with the European plans, of course, depending on how much current economic opportunities allow that.
Regarding the current market analysis of demand and offer we came to conclusion that high level of potential do exist in both Solar and PV areas, for technology sales or distribution of technology from EU markets.
Our analysis shows that the biggest market potential exist and that the first comers ( companies from EU markets) might benefit from incentive market position, in partnership with some local companies.