The European Commission (EC) has approved, under EU State aid rules, a Romanian scheme to partially compensate energy-intensive companies for higher electricity prices resulting from indirect emission costs under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS).
EU Commissioner for Competition Margrethe Vestager said that the scheme supports Romania in its ambition to reduce the risk of carbon leakage for its energy-intensive industries. At the same time, the incentives for a cost- effective decarbonization of its economy will be maintained, in line with the Green Deal objectives, and undue competition distortions will be limited.
The scheme, with a total estimated budget of 1.5 billion euros, will cover part of the higher electricity prices arising from the impact of carbon prices on electricity generation costs (so-called indirect emission costs) incurred between 2021 and 2030. The support measure is aimed at reducing the risk of “carbon leakage”, where companies relocate their production to countries outside the EU with less ambitious climate policies, resulting in increased greenhouse gas emissions globally.
The compensation will be granted to eligible companies through a partial refund of the indirect emission costs incurred in the previous year, with the final payment to be made in 2031. The maximum aid amount will be equal to 75 % of the indirect emission costs incurred. The aid amount is calculated based on electricity consumption efficiency benchmarks, which ensure that the beneficiaries are encouraged to save energy.