Montenegro:Necessary public dialogue on the second unit of thermal power plant in Pljevlja

20. May 2014. / SEE Energy News

Bearing in mind that the project implementation of second unit construction in TPP Pljevlja was planned in the Draft Energy Development Strategy of Montenegro by2030th, NGO Green Home has provided several analysis to the relevant institutions dealing with…

Bearing in mind that the implementation of second unit construction project in TPP Pljevlja was planned in the Draft Energy Development Strategy of Montenegro by2030th, NGO Green Home has provided several analysis to the relevant institutions dealing with the consequences assessment of such a facility construction that it would have on human health and the environment , as well as an economic analysis that points at the existence of interesting alternative choices of energy technologies , as well as the space and natural resources use.

– These studies and analyzes are not intended to replace a rigorous comparative analysis of different technological options as well as an analysis of long-term and future impacts on health and environment. However , bearing in mind that so far either retrospective or prospective studies on the pollution impact from both existing and planned power plants in Pljevlja on human health have not been done by the scientific method, as well as the comparative analysis of the various options is not currently available in the public domain where it can be found only one set of options that are based on the coal exploitation and burning, we thought it would be in the public interest to process these issues through our analysis, said in a statement of NGO Green Home, submitted to the Portal Analytics.

From this NGO claim that economic study Development of Pljevlja Energy Complex prepared in cooperation with the European Climate Foundation and the relevant experts in the field analyzes the existing situation in Pljevlja area that includes all the elements ( territory , cooling water , coal mines , facilities for overburden disposal and ash transportation routes , etc.) necessary for the electricity production on an industrial scale and invites to discuss on the possibility of using alternative energy and physical resources in order to produce electricity in the area.
– This study offers a different concept of electricity production in Pljevlja and provides an alternative development concept based on cleaner technologies and facilities that can serve to Montenegro development over the coming decades, according to the new energy and climate policies and obligations. The study warns that the existing building of TPP Pljevlja and associated Coal mine will be exposed to international competition by the electricity market opening, while the new unit of TPP Pljevlja probably would not be competitive in the future energy market with the coal use as the main fuel, according to the statement.
According to them, the analysis confirmed the bad worrying condition in Pljevlja, necessity of urgent and emergency reconstruction and rehabilitation of an existing unit and further increased caution when making decisions on the second unit construction.
– In cooperation with the international organization Greenpeace, which with the University of Stuttgart developed a software model for the assessment of thermal power plants impact on human health has been done the modeling in order to obtain predictive data on the new unit impact on health. Based on this model, the study’s results show that in the case of second unit implementation of TPP Pljevlja by the technical parameters given by the Government of Montenegro and the anticipated gas emissions, a new unit could cause up to 16 premature deaths per year, or for 40 operational years of the new unit of thermal power plant in Pljevlja that number is 622 premature deaths, add from the Green Home.
The economic costs of this project implementation, including social costs, medical and environment protection costs also have been estimated on the model basis and in this case they amount 75 MEUR per year and 2500 MEUR for 40 years of the thermal plant’s operation.
– These alarming data are clear sign that the Montenegrin government and Ministry of Economy must make the effort and further consider its firm commitment to build a new unit in Pljevlja. Especially taking into account the fact that a number of documents and other sector strategies warn that a new unit increases greenhouse gas emissions and seriously moves away our country from climate policy and EU objectives. In this sense, the obligation of the Ministry of Economy is to make public all information related to TPP Pljevlja and to open serious public dialogue at all levels on the consequences of the planned construction of a new unit in TPP Pljevlja on health and environment, as well as on the economy and competitiveness of Montenegro in the international market, it is conclusion of the statement.

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