Romania: Import of electricity due to overhaul of Danube Hidroelectrica HPP

9. March 2016. / SEE Energy News

Due to the major overhaul of Hidroelectrica major HPP on Danube river, Romania is forced to import electricity.

Because of lack of electricity from wind parks, and Hidroelectrica power plants operating under capacity, energy consumption in Romania is higher than production, so that the difference must be covered from imports. For nearly a month, Romania became an importer of electricity which is a surprise compared with last two years.

Electricity production from wind is low. No coal power plant is not operating neither too well – 1,500 MW and water contributed to the National Power System with only 2,100 MW Because Hidroelectrica has stopped four of the Iron Gates hydro for repairs.

In these circumstances, the national electricity production cant cover consumption, 6,500 MW to 7,300 MW, so the gap was covered by Imports. Gaps were amounting to 800 MW, from a daily average (range assets 06 – 23.00) over 400 MW is a record last year, according to Transelectrica TSO company.
In Romania there is 3,000 MW in wind, which last week produced only on average 50 MW. 450 MW from Hydropower plant on Danube the Iron Gates is unavailable, making Hidroelectrica going over 3,000 MWh production – it is just a peak production.  Hidroelectrica has annual installed capacity in hydroelectric plants of 6,400 MW.

According to OPCOM (the operator of the power exchange) data show that Romanian imports are from Hungary, the which in turn, imported from Slovakia. Lowest price was in the band energy in Slovakia. In terms of market coupling, cheap energy migrated to expensive market. As in Slovakia, the energy price band was 27.2 euros / MWh and in Hungary – 28,18 euro / MWh and Romania – 28.16 euro / MWh.

In the last two years, Romania has been a net exporter of electricity. In 2014 the first year after the revolution with a surplus balance of trade in electricity, Romania had a net export 10 TWh. In mid-2015 the net export of was 3.5 TWh power. Romania has a functional capacity of production, conventional and unconventional energy of about 14,000 MW, transmits

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